Growing your own vegetables is a practical and healthy choice. With your own garden comes the realisation that you need to look after the soil and vegetables all year round. You decide what fertilisers and pesticides to use, how to garden and, ultimately, which crops to plant. With a little effort and effort, you can get natural food that is not only homemade, but also tasty. If you’re thinking about starting your own garden but don’t know where or how to start, here are the basics that every gardener should know. You may find that gardening is not difficult at all!
At the outset, you need to think about the constraints that surround you. Whatever your preferences and requirements, you need to ask yourself how much space and what kind of location do you have available? How much and which vegetables do you actually need? For beginners, the most important thing is not to overdo it. If you’ve never had a garden before and are new to gardening, start slowly and from scratch. It’s a good idea to think about what produce you will actually use and how much storage space you will have at the end of the season. So, first and foremost, you really need a good plan.
Choose a room with a sunny position
The vegetables and legumes you plant in your garden need at least six hours of direct sunlight to grow successfully. Never plant vegetables in shady areas or areas obscured by buildings, walls or trees. They must have enough sunlight and protection in case of extreme heat.
Make a garden plan
We pointed out at the beginning that a good garden design is important first and foremost. More than how big you want your garden to be, it is important to be aware of how much space you actually have? How many people in your household, what vegetables and legumes do you use most? A garden of 20 m2 is enough for a family of four.
Ensure fertile and fertile soil and bed formation
Before planting, the soil must be well loosened and fertilised. Soil needs organic matter to grow crops successfully, which is usually added by layers of compost, decomposed leaves, dry grass or old manure. You can also put any organic waste from the kitchen, dry grass, feathers, straw, wood ash, soil from flower pots in the compost heap. Under no circumstances put orange and lemon peels, root weeds, fresh grass, large branches, cardboard and plastic on it.
Add fertilisers, natural or artificial, to the soil and ground, loosen the soil further and dig down to a depth of 20 cm. Once the process is complete, create the beds in which you will transplant and direct sow the seedlings.
The right choice and positioning of seedlings
If you want to have a successful and tasty crop, it is important to choose seeds and seedlings that are healthy and intact. Vegetables and legumes can be bought as seedlings that can be sown directly into the soil. But you grow the seeds yourself, in special containers called germinators. Transplant such seedlings outdoors when temperatures are suitable.
Along with the basics, you need to stick to the sowing time. Suitable days are marked according to the atmospheric and soil temperature. Already know which vegetables and legumes you want in your garden? So it’s time to know which are the bad neighbours and which are the good neighbours and, of course, when to plant them.
Dig weeds and take care of pests
Regular hoeing before weeds set seed is crucial for the success of your garden. Some gardeners tackle it preventively with bark, straw and wood chips, while others plant herbs such as basil and mint next to their gardens to prevent weeds and repel pests.
Avoid rookie mistakes
People often want to create everything from nothing, even if they didn’t know it existed until recently, or simply didn’t think it was worth mentioning. When gardening and planting, it is important to get a feel for the plants and their needs over time. Over time, you will simply know what the sowing time is, which are the bad neighbours and which are the good ones, and which vegetables need extra support. You need to stick to the sowing time and give your vegetables plenty of room to develop. But in general, as with all things in life, keep to moderation and consistency.